المساعد الشخصي الرقمي

مشاهدة النسخة كاملة : Japanese occupation of Indonesia


aammar
21-01-2013, 06:16 AM
The Netherlands was the sole imperial power in Indonesia since the beginning of the sixteenth century; depleting and devouring its resources. It seized control over its abundant material resources and wealth, and hindered its progress and advancement.

The Netherlands drained Indonesia until the Japanese forces occupied it in March 1942 after the surrender of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army.

Only one month after the Japanese occupation, an official decree was issued to dissolve all political parties, and even other organizations, banning their activities in Indonesia. Consequently, the Indonesian people formed resistance movements against the Japanese occupation.

After the atomic bomb was dropped on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki (1364 AH/ 1945 AD), Japan surrendered. Immediately following Japan’s surrender to the Allies, Ahmad Sukarno and fellow nationalist Muhammad Hatta declared Indonesia’s independence. The next day the provisional parliament adopted a constitution and elected Sukarno president.