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مشاهدة النسخة كاملة : Dutch colonization of Malacca


aammar
23-01-2013, 05:03 AM
Dutch colonization of Malacca:

In 1051 AH/ 1641AD, the Dutch replaced the Portuguese in Malacca. They followed their footsteps in killing and persecuting the Muslims. The Dutch gave the Muslim Malaccans interest-based loans and this was how they seized and usurped their properties in Malacca and other places. When the natives rose to resist Dutch occupation, they suppressed their resistance by force.

Consequently, the economic system of Malacca collapsed and the Malaccan people were staggering under poverty and humiliation. The Malays rose to resist and struggle against the Netherlands. They attacked the Dutch centers and facilities in Malacca. However, their resistance could not match the power of the colonizer, who used the latest weapons. The Dutch appointed the governor of Malacca and rendered him subordinate to the general Governor in Jakarta, Indonesia.

As a result of the rivalry between the Crusaders and the agreements that they sealed in order to determine their spheres of influence in the region, Malacca came under the British zone of influence since 1201 AH/1786 AD. The British East India Company leased the island of Penang from the sultan of Kedah.
When the British entered Malacca, many people from China and India moved to Malaysia for the purpose of work. Britain encouraged them and helped them to come to work so as to reduce the number of Muslims in Malacca.