: 6/10 Ayn Jaaloot effects


aammar
12-02-2013, 09:23 AM
The sixth effect:

The great unity between Egypt and Ash-Shaam was restored.
Both constituted a very important strategic alliance that acted as a solid and wonderful bulwark against foreign attacks. Egypt and Ash-Shaam, including Palestine, form the middle of the Islamic world, strategically, politically, geographically, culturally and historically.

The union of Egypt and Ash-Shaam is an important factor of security for the people of this region, and reduces to a great extent the foreign covets of the Islamic world, given that most enemies of Islam, more often, focus their attention on the region of Egypt and Ash-Shaam, due to religious, economic and military reasons. It is clear then that no salvation could be attained in this region unless there is comprehensive unity of all territories of Ash-Shaam, including Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Palestine, with Egypt, which was realized by the rising state of the Mamluks.

The seventh effect:

All the Ayyubid emirs disappeared from the Islamic arena who were insignificant at a time when none but the giants survived. Most of those emirs wasted the weighty trust they were entrusted by their great grandfather, Saladin, May Allaah have mercy upon him, and their main concern was to collect wealth, dispute over authority, and pass it down to their children. They led a life of conspiracies and intrigues, and trampled all virtues in the course of their conflicts, to the extent that it became common among them to ally with, and seek the aid of the Christians in war against their fellow Muslims, and even against their real brothers.

They continued to put their people to severe pain, injustice, oppression and betrayal. They stood against any project that sought unity because they disputed as to who would be in charge. They also continued to resist the Mamluk rule in Egypt, and cooperated with the Crusaders to overthrow it until the Battle of Ayn Jaaloot took place. One of its traces was the fall of such illusory leaders, and each came to know his limits and was satisfied with what befitted his capability. In this way; the Battle of Ayn Jaaloot saved the Ummah from the evil of its men as well as the evil of its enemies.

The eighth effect:
Unity between Egypt and Shaam, the disappearance of the wicked emirs from the arena, the rise of the Mamluk State with its Jihaad, Islamic upbringing, religious passion and the high-level of understanding of its men that led to something very significant.

The Mamluks started to liberate all the territories of Shaam and Palestine from the Crusader emirates that had ruled them since 491 A.H., i.e. 166 years before the Battle of Ayn Jaaloot. In spite of the great efforts of Imaad Ad-Deen Zinki, Noor Ad-Deen Mahmood and Saladin, May Allaah have mercy upon them, in this respect, they failed to liberate most of these territories; and their successors were negligent in some of the liberated cities when they gave them up to the Crusaders. For this reason, after the stability of the Mamluk rule, they started to dispatch their armies, one after the other, to liberate the occupied territories in Palestine, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey.
We ask Allaah the Almighty for their permanent liberation!

Ath-Thaahir Beebars started his campaigns against these emirates from 659 A.H., i.e. a few months after the Battle of Ayn Jaaloot; and after troublesome fighting, the Crusader emirates started to fall into the hands of the Muslims. In 664 A.H., the Muslims liberated Caesarea, Haifa and the Fortress of Orsov, to the South of Caesarea, all in Palestine. In 665 A.H., Safad, North East of Palestine was liberated.

While Baybars was engaged in the liberation of those cities, his leader, Sayf Ad-Deen Qalaawoon devoted himself to the liberation of Cilicia of Turkey, and emerged victorious over the huge Armenian forces led by Hetom II, and received a great amount of booty, and took about 40,000 captives from the Crusaders and Armenian Christians. In 666 A.H., Ath-Thaahir Baybars liberated Yafa. The year 667 A.H. witnessed the liberation of Antioch and the

Emirate of Bohemond, who was allied with the Tatars. It was the first Crusader emirate in the Muslim countries, as it was occupied in 491 A.H.; and it was the richest emirate to the extent that its booty of gold and silver was distributed on the conquerors by weighing rather than by counting.
When Ath-Thaahir Beebars, May Allaah have mercy upon him, died, there were no occupied Islamic cities other than Acre, the strongest Crusader emirate, in addition to Sidon, Sur, Beirut and Tripoli in Lebanon, and Tartous and Lattakia in Syria.

In 684 A.H., twenty-six years after the Battle of Ayn Jaaloot, Tripoli was liberated by the Mamluk Sultan, Al-Mansoor Qalaawoon, who was succeeded by his son, the great sultan, Al-Ashraf Khaleel, who carried on the mission of liberating the remaining Islamic occupied cities from the Crusaders. Acre, the impregnable, was liberated in 690 A.H., after two centuries of occupation, during which all the previous Muslim emirs had failed to conquer it.
With the liberation of Acre, the most powerful Crusader stronghold in Shaam fell.

A short time later, Sidon, Sur, Beirut, Jbeil, Tartous and Lattakia were liberated. In this way, the Crusader existence in Shaam ended forever, just thirty-two years after Ayn Jaaloot, which makes this liberation one of the direct outcomes of this gigantic battle.
Of course, the liberation of those emirates and cities includes very important and wonderful details. But let us postpone mentioning them until we talk about the Crusades, Allaah willing.

The ninth effect:
Cairo gained a very high value after the victory of Ayn Jaaloot, especially after the foundation of the Mamluk State, the destruction of Baghdad at the hands of the Tatars in 656 A.H., and the fall of the Andalusian Cordova in 636 A.H. into the hands of the Spanish Crusaders.

Cairo turned to be the focus of attention of scholars and writers, the scientific movement became very active, the role of Al-Azhar was intensified, and became, and still is, one of the greatest universities in the Islamic world, which carried the flag of defending religion, spreading the Islamic Dawah, telling the word of truth in the presence of the sultans, demanding the rights, and leading the Jihaad movements against the enemies of the Ummah.
Thus, the Muslims, in this ancient city of Cairo, inherited, along the successive generations, the Dawah to Allaah, and the Islamic awakening, and shouldered the concerns of Muslims not only in Egypt, but also in the Islamic world all.

The tenth effect:
It is one of the most amazing and the greatest effects. Many Tatars were in touch with the religion of Islam, read about its foundations, rules and laws, learnt its ethics and virtues, and previewed its noble morals and principles. They strongly admired it, especially that they were, like humankinds in general, suffering from drastic religious vacuum. There is no law or religion similar, or at least, close to Islam; and whoever comes close to and studies Islam well should inevitably be attached to it, particularly if he is true in his endeavor of seeking the truth. Some Tatars began to adopt the religion of Islam.

Then, Allaah, the Almighty willed that faith entered the heart of one of the Tatarian leaders of the Golden Horde one of the greatest branches of the Tatar tribes - i.e. Berke, a direct paternal cousin of Hulagu, and the younger brother of Batu, the famous Tatar leader. He took the name of Barakah (blessing). He embraced Islam in 650 A.H., and became the leader of the Golden Horde in 652 A.H., and was named "Barakah Khan". This horde was semi-independent from the Tatar Empire, and ruled the region lying north of the Caspian Sea, known in the old Islamic books as the Kibchak countries, presently lying in Russia.

With the reversion of this leader to Islam, a lot of Tatars belonging to his tribe embraced it. How amazing it is that all of these embraced Islam before the Battle of Ayn Jaaloot, where the Tatars were subduing Muslims, who were defeated in all their places. That is one of the very few cases in which the invader adopts the religion of the invaded, and the strong embraces the religion of the weak. But, that is the religion of Islam which addresses the human Fitrah. Of course, this lays a great responsibility upon the Islamic callers to convey the religion of Islam to all inhabitants of earth, for everyone whom Islam reaches in its correct and pure image, is expected to embrace it, no matter how aggressive he might be in the beginning of his life.

One of the important effects of Ayn Jaaloot Battle is that the number of the converts to Islam increased so much among the Golden Horde, and almost all its inhabitants became Muslims, and got allied with Ath-Thaahir Baybars against Hulagu, and entered many wars with Hulagu, which we shall discuss later when we talk about the history of the Mamluk State.

It is worth mentioning that the remaining of the Golden Horde still exists, and constitutes some Islamic emirates in Russia, such as Kazam, Crimea, Astrakhan, Nogai and Khuwaarazm. All those emirates are still under the Russian occupation, and have not yet gained freedom, even after the disintegration of the Soviet Union.

We ask Allaah, the Almighty for permanent liberation for all the Muslim countries, and absolute sovereignty over all their territories!

That is the tenth effect of Ayn Jaaloot Battle.
Those are complete ten (effects).

Undoubtedly, there are many other effects of this eternal battle, and it is up to the researchers and scholars to study them.